Class Tree
Description Let G be a *directed* graph. Let every edge in the graph be assigned
a weight. A spanning tree is w-bounded if for every vertex the sum of
the weights of the outgoing edges at this vertex is atmost w.

In the weighted spanning tree problem we are given a directed graph
G=(V,E,W), where V is the set of vertices, E is the set of edges and
W is a function that maps each edge in the graph to an integer weight
from the range 1..|V|. We are also given an integer bound w.

The goal is to find a w-bounded spanning tree in G.

Input Format
Input data are stored in a plain text file. The format of the file is
as follows:

a. The file starts with n lines that define the number of vertices in
the problem using predicate "vtx" as follows.


b. The file then specifies the edges of the graph using predicate
"edge". Each line is of the form "edge(i,j)", meaning that there
is a directed edge from vertex i to vertex j.

c. Then there are as many lines as there are edges in the graph of the

Weight wtedge(i,j)=v.

c. Then there is the single line

Example input:
Weight wtedge(1,2)=1.
Weight wtedge(2,3)=2.
Weight wtedge(2,4)=1.
Weight wtedge(3,4)=2.
Weight wtedge(1,4)=1.

Output Requirement
The solution must be encoded by a binary predicate "wstedge", where
"wstedge(i,j)" stands for: "there is an edge(i,j) in the weighted
spanning tree".

For the input given above, the following is a 2-weighted spanning tree:

wstedge(1,2) wstedge(2,3) wstedge(3,4)

The corresponding answer set produced by a solver must contain exactly
these ground atoms of the form "wstedge" (and possibly some other atoms
based on other predicates).

For the same input, the following *is not* a 2-weighted spanning tree:

wstesge(1,2) wstedge(2,3) wstedge(2,4)

Authors: Gayathri Namasivayam and Miroslaw Truszczynski
Affiliation: University of Kentucky
Email: {gayathri, mirek}
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